The United States’ Enduring Commitment to the Indo-Pacific: Indonesia

U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Indonesia (State Dept. / Mohammad Iqbal Nasution)

FACT SHEET
FEBRUARY 9, 2024

The United States is an Indo-Pacific nation.  As the most dynamic and fastest-growing region on earth, the Indo-Pacific is an essential driver of America’s future security and prosperity.  The region is home to more than half the world’s population, and it accounts for 60 percent of global GDP as well as two-thirds of global economic growth.  Trade between the United States and the Indo-Pacific region reached over $2 trillion in 2022, and the United States benefits from $956 billion in foreign direct investment from the Indo-Pacific.  Our people-to-people ties bind us together – over two-thirds of international students in the United States are from the Indo-Pacific.

Since the release of the Indo-Pacific Strategy in February 2022, the United States has taken historic strides to advance our shared vision for an Indo-Pacific region that is free and open, connected, prosperous, secure, and resilient.  The United States continues to demonstrate leadership and commitment to the Indo-Pacific, reinforcing the region’s capacity and resilience to address the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century and showing that we can build a better future together.

Our accomplishments under the Indo-Pacific Strategy over the past two years reflect not only American leadership, but also an unprecedented level of cooperation with allies, partners, and friends across the region to tackle global challenges and protect our shared vision of the world in the face of heightened geopolitical challenges.  Our work together to build collective capacity with allies, partners, and friends remains the bedrock of our approach to the region.

But as our cooperation to advance our common values and interests has grown, so too have our challenges.  We have seen the PRC become more repressive at home and more assertive abroad, undermining human rights and international law, and seeking to reshape the international order.  We have seen the DPRK continue to expand its unlawful nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs.  The impacts of climate change pose an existential threat to small island states.  In the face of so many challenges, we remain guided by our affirmative vision under the Indo-Pacific Strategy, deepening our cooperation and collaboration to advance regional capacity, shared prosperity, and steady progress.

The Department of State is central to these efforts, as we reinforce the architecture of diplomacy and global engagement through the Indo-Pacific Strategy.  We are reinvigorating our network of partnerships and alliances, building coalitions, and deepening our engagement in multilateral institutions to meet the tests of our time.

U.S. leadership in the Indo-Pacific yields direct benefits both in the region and at home.  New markets, as well as common laws, regulations, and standards, strengthen economic ties between American businesses and international markets.  New investments from this vibrant region create American jobs.  As we collaborate on public health crises, we become better prepared to protect ourselves from future pandemics.  On these and so many other issues, the work that we do in the Indo-Pacific helps secure a safer and more prosperous world for generations to come, both across the region and at home in the United States.

I. Advancing a Free and Open Indo-Pacific

  • Upholding International Maritime Law in the South China Sea:  We are supporting our Philippine allies in their efforts to grow the group of voices upholding the international law of the sea as reflected in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention (the Convention).  For example, the United States joined with allies and partners in condemning the PRC’s repeated harassment of vessels exercising high seas freedom of navigation, and its continuing unwillingness to comply with a unanimous 2016 Arbitral Award, which, pursuant to the Convention, is final and binding on the PRC and the Philippines.

II. Building Connections Within and Beyond the Region

  • Elevating our bilateral partnerships with countries in the Indo-Pacific:  During historic leaders’ level visits in 2023, we upgraded our bilateral relationships with Vietnam and Indonesia to Comprehensive Strategic Partnerships.

III. Driving Regional Prosperity

  • Substantially concluding negotiations for Indo-Pacific Economic Framework (IPEF) Pillars:  In May 2022, President Biden launched IPEF with 13 regional partners, including Indonesia, to deepen economic cooperation and create stronger, fairer, more resilient economies.  In November 2023, IPEF partners signed the Pillar II Supply Chain Agreement and substantially concluded negotiations of the IPEF Clean Economy Agreement and Fair Economy Agreement.

IV. Bolstering Regional Stability

  • Strengthening security alliances:  The United States is strengthening cooperation on extended deterrence with key allies in the region.  We have signed defense cooperation agreements with Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, building on decades of bilateral defense and security cooperation.  We have also established a mechanism for real-time information sharing on DPRK missile threats with Japan and the ROK and integrated cooperation between Australia and Japan in trilateral exercises.

V. Advancing Resilience to 21st Century Transnational Threats

  • Advancing climate ambition, clean energy, and energy security:  To accelerate the region towards a cleaner energy future, we have launched Just Energy Transition Partnerships (JETP) with Indonesia and Vietnam, taken steps toward supporting critical energy security in the Philippines through signing a Civil-Nuclear Cooperation Agreement, and advanced the clean energy transition in South Asia by supporting regional energy integration through cross border electricity trade, and regional power markets.

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Read the full fact sheet:

• The United States’ Enduring Commitment to the Indo-Pacific: Marking Two Years Since the Release of the Administration’s Indo-Pacific Strategy

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